Electric Cars: The Basics
For those of you new to zero-emission electric driving, we recommend a read of the following articles:
For those keen on an overview of the Indian and global electric vehicle (EV) market, simply scroll down to the end of the article!
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The VW ID.5 Coupé-SUV
Volkswagen AG, the Germany automotive group is one of the leading automotive companies in the global electric vehicle (EV) industry. Volkswagen has committed to an investment up to Euro 30 billion by 2023. It aims to sell 3 million electric vehicles by 2025 and launch up to 70 new EV models over the next 10 years. The portfolio of VW EVs include:
- The all-electric ID.3
- The all-electric ID.4
- The all-electric ID.4 GTX
- The all-electric ID.5
- The all-electric VW ID.5 GTX
- The all-electric e-up!
- Passat GTE Plug-In Hybrid Saloon
- Passat GTE Plug-In Hybrid Estate
- Touareg R Plug-In Hybrid
- Golf Plug-In Hybrid
The Volkswagen ID.5 is the latest pure electric vehicle from the German automotive manufacturer. The ID.5 combines the design strengths of an SUV along with that of a coupé (aerodynamic). The ID.5 has a 0.26 drag coefficient compared to 0.28 for the ID.4. The VW ID.5 EV shares the same MEB platform as the Volkswagen ID.4 and therefore has much in common, albeit, the ID.5 has a more aggressive roofline styling in the form of a coupé.
The electric vehicle (EV) will be available in one battery size (77 kWh) with an emission-free range up to 325 miles. The EV will be capable of DC rapid charging up to 135 kW DC as standard (62 miles in 7 minutes), along with a 11 kW on-board charger.
The pure electric coupé-SUV will be available in three variants to include the entry level Pro model, followed by the mid-level Pro Performance and the higher specification GTX variant. The Pro and Pro Performance will be available as rear-wheel drive, while the GTX will be an all-wheel drive. The VW ID.5 Pro will have a top speed of 99 mph (0-62 mph in 10.4 seconds). The GTX is expected to have a top speed of 110 mph, achieving 0-62 mph in under 7 seconds. However, VW has yet to confirm this.
According to the manufacturer, the panoramic sunroof will come as standard. The EV is well equipped with technology to include over-the-air update capability, innovative IQ. Light as standard, interior ambient lighting, augmented reality head-up display, voice assistant, travel assist and the Discover Pro navigation system.
The ID.5 is also practical and has a larger boot space than the ID.4 (549 L compared to 543 L). The ID.5 zero-emission range also makes the EV practical for short and long journeys for families.
|Good zero-emission range (up to 325 miles)||Only available in one battery size option|
|Attractive exterior styling (coupé)||Rear view slightly limited and less headroom for rear seats compared to ID.4|
|DC charging up to 135 kW as standard||Heat pump not standard|
The All-Electric Volkswagen ID.5 (credit: VW)
Driving an electric vehicle (EV) is cheaper than driving a petrol or diesel vehicle. As an example, in India, filling a full tank of fuel for the internal combustion engine (ICE) Tata Nexon SUV will cost up to Rs 5,000 (assuming an average cost per litre of Rs 100. The Tata Nexon has a fuel tank capacity of 44 L).
In comparison, the Tata Nexon Pure Electric SUV will cost less than Rs 300 for a full EV battery charge (EV Battery size: 30.2 kWh). In India, the average cost for residential electricity is between Rs 5 to Rs 10 per kWh(unit). Therefore the cost to drive per km (or mile) in a pure electric vehicle is substantially lower than a petrol or diesel vehicle.
At an average one can expect a cost per km of Rs 1 for a zero-emission EV, while for an equivalent petrol or diesel vehicle, the cost per km could be up to Rs 7 per km. The annual cost savings achieved by switching to electric driving is significant!
|At A Glance|
|EV Type:||Battery-Electric Vehicle (BEV)|
|Vehicle Type:||SUV (Coupé)|
|Available In India:||No|
|Variants (3 Options)|
|ID.5 Pro Performance|
|EV Battery & Emissions|
|EV Battery Type:||Lithium-ion|
|EV Battery Capacity:||Available in one battery size: 77 kWh|
|Charging:||Up to 135 kW DC rapid charging standard. On-board charger: 11 kW|
|Charge Port:||Type 2|
|EV Cable Type:||Type 2|
|Tailpipe Emissions:||0g (CO2/km)|
|Battery Warranty:||8 years or 100,000 miles|
|Charging Times (Overview)|
|Slow charging AC (3 kW – 3.6 kW):||6 – 12 hours (dependent on size of EV battery & SOC)|
|Fast charging AC (7 kW – 22 kW):||3 – 8 hours (dependent on size of EV battery & SoC)|
|Rapid charging AC (43 kW):||0-80%: 20 mins to 60 mins (dependent on size of EV battery & SoC)|
|Rapid charging DC (50 kW+):||0-80%: 20 mins to 60 mins (dependent on size of EV battery & SoC)|
|Ultra rapid charging DC (150 kW+):||0-80% : 20 mins to 40 mins (dependent on size of EV battery & SoC)|
|Tesla Supercharger (120 kW – 250 kW):||0-80%: up to 25 mins (dependent on size of EV battery & SoC)|
- Note 1: SoC: state of charge
|Turning Circle (m):||N/A|
|Cargo Volume:||549 L|
|EV Battery Capacity:||77 kWh|
|Pure Electric Range (WLTP):||282 – 325 miles|
|Electric Energy Consumption (kWh/100km):||16.2|
|Charging:||135 kW DC Rapid Charging (on board charger: 11 kW AC)|
|Top Speed:||99 mph|
|0-62 mph:||10.4 seconds|
|Max Power (PS):||174|
|NCAP Safety Rating:||N/A|
Air Quality: The Basics
It does not matter where in India one lives, no one can escape the increased level of air pollution engulfing our villages, towns and cities, across the country. However, this is not unique to India.
Air pollution has been documented globally as one of the key issues in increased mortality rates, in particular, for those that are most vulnerable: the children and the aged. Increased air pollution has been linked to increases in premature deaths, higher rates of cancer, heart attacks, stroke and lung diseases.
In India, air quality worsens closer to more densely populated urban centres, the 1st, 2nd and 3rd tier cities. Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Bengaluru are just some of the examples of cities with dangerous levels of toxic air pollution or poor air quality. In fact, air pollution levels have been so high in India in the recent years, that it has captured the attention of the world media.
Many factors affect the level of air pollution, but one that is significant, is the pollution released from road transportation, commonly referred to as ‘emissions’ or tailpipe emissions. For the majority of the globe, to include, India, emissions from petrol and diesel vehicles contribute more than 30% to air pollution. This is an average, and certainly, in more populated cities like Delhi and Mumbai, the level of toxic contribution from vehicle exhausts will be even higher. The other major contributor to air pollution is energy production and consumptions (fossil fuels).
So, what is air pollution?
- Air pollution is the release of pollutants in our atmosphere that have a negative impact on the health of individuals and the environment as a whole.
- The majority of pollutants are invisible. The are minutely small particles (finely divided solids) or gases that cannot be seen with the naked eye. These extremely small solid or liquid particles are also called particulates. Examples are: fumes, smoke, dust and soot. The majority of these particulates are less than 10 micrometres.
- Air pollution can affect the environment both outdoors and indoors. There are a number of different types of pollutants, but the most well known are particulate matter, carbon dioxide, methane, carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide.
- Both carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen oxides (NO2), contribute to smog formation, very common in the winter months. Sulphur dioxide (SO2) contributes to haze and also acid rain formation. Particulate matters also contributes to haze and acid rain. All the above negatively impact health by increasing irritation of breathing passages, aggravation of asthma and irregular heartbeat.
- Pollutants like carbon dioxide have a far reaching consequence on our lives. It is not only air pollution that it impacts, but as being a major source of greenhouse gas, CO2 has a long-term and detrimental impact on our environment and ecosystem. More commonly refereed to as ‘climate change’.
- Most of us know in India are familiar with PM 2.5 (fine particulate matter). These are tiny particles or droplets that are two and one half microns or less in width. A micron is a unit of measurement of length equal to one millionth of a metre. An increase in levels of PM 2.5 concentrations result in an increase in unhealthy air quality, haze etc. Vehicle exhausts are a major contributor to higher levels of PM 2.5 in the air.
- Though measures like reducing traffic (odd-even system in Delhi), wearing air masks etc. can help reduce the impact of pollution, the reduction is not far-reaching. Zero-emission road transportation i.e. electric cars, are a panacea for a sustained and comprehensive improvement in air quality. The sooner, we in India, migrate to electric vehicles, the sooner can we start to improve our local air quality.