Land Rover Range Rover Plug-In Hybrid SUV: The Complete Guide For India

Range Rover plug in hybrid
Price: 2.61 Crs
Type of electric vehicle: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)
Body type: SUV
Battery size: 38.2 kWh
Electric range (WLTP): 70 miles
Tailpipe emissions: 18 - 21g (CO2/km)


Electric Cars: The Basics


For those of you new to zero-emission electric driving, we recommend a read of the following articles:

For those keen on an overview of the Indian electric vehicle (EV) market and the different types of electric vehicles (EVs), simply scroll down to the end of the article!


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The Land Rover Range Rover PHEV SUV


Land Rover is an iconic British brand, famed globally for its off-road and four-wheel drive vehicles. Land Rover is owned by Jaguar Land Rover (JLR) Automotive PLC, a leading luxury vehicle manufacturer with a distinctive reputation of being British and iconic. However the automotive company is now owned by the leading Indian industrial conglomerate, the Tata Group. The portfolio of Range Rover electric vehicles (EVs) include:

The famed Land Rover Range Rover (simply known as Range Rover) is currently in its fifth generation. This iconic 4×4 SUV was launched in 1970 by British Leyland. The fifth generation luxurious SUV was revealed in London in October 2021. The SUV is now also available as a mild hybrid electric vehicle (MHEV) and a plug-in electric vehicle (PHEV). The pure electric Range Rover SUV is expected to be available from 2024.

The all new Range Rover plug-in hybrid SUV is certainly re-defining the landscape of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, in particular, for the premium SUV segment. The latest generation of the Range Rover PHEV SUV incorporates a 38.2 kWh onboard EV battery, substantially larger than the average PHEV battery size (10 kWh to 20 kWh). This increased EV battery capacity is a game changer, as it enables the plug-in hybrid vehicle to truly leverage the benefits of electric driving i.e. to reduce driving costs and tailpipe emissions when driven on e-mode.

Driving a PHEV on e-mode is always cheaper than using the internal combustion engine (ICE). However, due to the limited electric range of the previous generation Range Rover PHEV, electric driving had not been leveraged to its maximum.

However, with the new Range Rover PHEV this is all set to change. The electric vehicle (EV) has a claimed EV range up to 70 miles (WLTP). Even accounting for all the factors that impact the pure electric range, the PHEV will be capable of delivering well over 50 emission-free miles. This distance covers a significant portion of commutes, to include urban driving, but also a fair amount of motorway driving.

Land Rover claims a fuel economy up to a whopping 353.1 mpg for the PHEV. To achieve anything close to the claimed fuel economy, the e-mode on the PHEV will need to be leveraged on a very regular basis. If the EV is driven primarily using the petrol combustion engine, the fuel economy is certainly not going to get anywhere close to the manufacturer claimed figure. Like, the real-world EV range, expect the real-world fuel economy to be impacted by a number of factors and lower than the manufacturer claimed economy.

To leverage the benefits of electric driving, having a fully charged EV battery is imperative. The Range Rover PHEV can be charged up to 50 kW DC charging: 0-80%: 40 minutes. Do keep in mind that not all plug-in electric cars are capable of DC rapid charging. For longer journeys, best to plan the trip, such that the rest/coffee breaks coincide with the need to top up the EV battery. This way for longer motorway commutes, the cost of driving remains lower compared to using the combustion engine.

In all probability, on most occasions, the EV will be charged overnight at home. We at e-zoomed recommend the use of a dedicated EV charger for home charging. The easee EV charger is a good example. The PHEV can be charged up to 100% in 5 hours via a dedicated EV charger. We at e-zoomed do not encourage the use of a 3-PIN domestic socket to charge an electric car. Charging the plug-in hybrid using a domestic plug will take up to 15 hours.

We recommend a ‘topping up’ approach to EV charging. This way, the e-mode can be used more often and regular charging is also better for the long-term maintenance of the EV battery. Land Rover offers a warranty up to 6 years or 60,000 miles.

The all-wheel drive Land Rover P400e PHEV pairs a 3.0-litre (6 cylinder) petrol combustion engine with an electric motor (105 kW). Despite the size and weight of the EV (2,770 kg), acceleration is impressive: 0-60 mph in 5.7 seconds and a 140 mph top speed (maximum power: 440 HP/ torque: 620 Nm). The P510e AWD PHEV can achieve 0-60 mph in 5.2 seconds and has a 150 mph top speed.

The electric vehicle is available in both the standard and long wheelbase. The long wheelbase offers up to 7 seats. The PHEV is suitable for large families given the interior space and boot space of the EV. Land Rover claims the PHEV has tailpipe emissions as low as 18g (CO2/km).

The Range Rover plug-in hybrid is available in India.


PROS CONS
One of the most luxurious PHEVs on the marketExpensive, specially at the higher trim levels
Good EV battery size and zero emission electric rangeOnboard charger limited to 7 kW
Efficient electric vehicle with good fuel economyDC charging limited to 50 kW

The Range Rover Plug-In Hybrid (credit:JLR)


Driving an electric vehicle (EV) is cheaper than driving a petrol or diesel vehicle. As an example, in India, filling a full tank of fuel for the internal combustion engine (ICE) Tata Nexon SUV will cost up to Rs 5,000 (assuming an average cost per litre of Rs 100. The Tata Nexon has a fuel tank capacity of 44 L).

In comparison, the Tata Nexon Pure Electric SUV will cost less than Rs 300 for a full EV battery charge (EV Battery size: 30.2 kWh). In India, the average cost for residential electricity is between Rs 5 to Rs 10 per kWh(unit). Therefore the cost to drive per km (or mile) in a pure electric vehicle is substantially lower than a petrol or diesel vehicle.

At an average one can expect a cost per km of Rs 1 for a zero-emission EV, while for an equivalent petrol or diesel vehicle, the cost per km could be up to Rs 7 per km. The annual cost savings achieved by switching to electric driving is significant!


At A Glance
EV Type:Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)
Vehicle Type:SUV
Engine:Electric/ Petrol
Available In India:Yes

Trims (2 Options)
Standard Wheelbase (from Rs 2.61 Crs)
Long Wheelbase (from Rs 3.58 Crs)

EV Battery & Emissions
EV Battery Type:Lithium-ion
EV Battery Capacity:Available in one battery size: 38.2 kWh
Charging:50 kW DC charging: 0-80%: 40 minutes. Onboard charger: 7 kW AC (0%-100%: 5 hrs)
Charge Port:Type 2
EV Cable Type:Type 2
Tailpipe Emissions:18 – 21g (CO2/km)
Warranty:6 years or 60,000 miles

Charging Times (Overview)
Slow charging AC (3 kW – 3.6 kW):6 – 12 hours (dependent on size of EV battery & SOC)
Fast charging AC (7 kW – 22 kW):3 – 8 hours (dependent on size of EV battery & SoC)
Rapid charging AC (43 kW):0-80%: 20 mins to 60 mins (dependent on size of EV battery & SoC)
Rapid charging DC (50 kW+):0-80%: 20 mins to 60 mins (dependent on size of EV battery & SoC)
Ultra rapid charging DC (150 kW+):0-80% : 20 mins to 40 mins (dependent on size of EV battery & SoC)
Tesla Supercharger (120 kW – 250 kW):0-80%: up to 25 mins (dependent on size of EV battery & SoC)

Dimensions
Height (mm):1870
Width (mm):2209
Length (mm):5052
Wheelbase (mm):2997
Turning Circle (m):10.95
Boot Space (L):818

P400e PHEV
EV Battery Capacity:38.2 kWh
Pure Electric Range (WLTP):70 miles
Electric Energy Consumption (Wh/km):287.6
Fuel Consumption (mpg):313.9 – 353.1
Charging:50 kW DC charging: 0-80%: 40 minutes. Onboard charger: 7 kW AC (0%-100%: 5 hrs)
Top Speed:140 mph
0-60 mph:5.7 seconds
Drive:All-wheel drive (AWD)
Electric Motor (kW):105
Max Power (HP):440
Torque (Nm):620
Transmission:Automatic
Seats:Up to 7 (long wheel base)
Doors:5
Unladen Weight-EU (kg):2,770
Colours:12
NCAP Safety Rating:N/A

P510e PHEV
EV Battery Capacity:38.2 kWh
Pure Electric Range (WLTP):70 miles
Electric Energy Consumption (Wh/km):287.6
Fuel Consumption (mpg):313.9 – 353.1
Charging:50 kW DC charging: 0-80%: 40 minutes. Onboard charger: 7 kW AC (0%-100%: 5 hrs)
Top Speed:150 mph
0-60 mph:5.2 seconds
Drive:All-wheel drive (AWD)
Electric Motor (kW):105
Max Power (HP):510
Torque (Nm):700
Transmission:Automatic
Seats:Up to 7 (long wheel base)
Doors:5
Unladen Weight-EU (kg):2,810
Colours:12
NCAP Safety Rating:N/A

India Electric Vehicle (EV) Market


India, like many other countries, is well positioned to benefit from the shift to zero-tailpipe emission electric driving. Road transportation is a major contributor to air pollution (over 30%), choking our towns, cities and villages across India. Diesel vehicles, in particular, diesel trucks and diesel buses, are significant sources for tailpipe emissions. But given the rise in the standard of living, since liberalisation, the demand for privately owned passenger cars has increased at an unprecedented pace, further worsening the air quality. India has more than 3 crores (30 million) cars releasing tailpipe emissions on its roads!

Though we have seen some improvements in air quality during the ongoing pandemic (as a result of lower vehicle traffic), India’s shift to electric driving will be key in achieving long-term higher air quality. Of course, apart from EVs, the continued development of green and renewable energy infrastructure will be key in achieving lower long-term air pollution. India has already demonstrated global leadership in regards to large-scale solar and wind projects! Hopefully, India will replicate the success with zero-emission electric vehicles.

Despite recent announcements and support from local and national government agencies in India, the EV market is still at a nascent stage, well, at least in terms of electric cars and electric vans. Two-wheel electric scooters and three-wheel electric rickshaws (e-rickshaws) have demonstrated a strong uptake, and India is poised to become a global leader in electric scooters and electric rickshaws (e-tuk). In fact, the ubiquitous e-rickshaw commands an impressive 83% of the Indian electric vehicle market. India currently has over 15 lakhs (1.5 million) e-rickshaws, with each EV playing a role in reducing tailpipe emissions on our roads in India.

Sales of passenger electric cars is still at an early stage. In FY2021, though the market witnessed a growth of nearly 110% from the previous year, the absolute volume of cars sold was only 5,905 electric cars. Currently there are less that 15 pure electric car models available on sale in India.

Tata Motors, the biggest automotive manufacturer in India has launched the Tata Nexon electric SUV. Mahindra Electric, another leading Indian automotive manufacturer, has also launched a number of plug-in electric vehicles (EVs), to include, the Mahindra eVerito electric car, Mahindra eSupro electric van and Mahindra e2o Plus compact electric car. International manufacturers, like UK based MG Motors, have also launched the MG ZS electric SUV in India. Also available are the all-electric Jaguar I-PACE SUV and the Hyundai Kona electric SUV.


Types Of Electric Vehicles (EVs)


Electric vehicle” is an umbrella term, and a broad one at that. There are a number of different types of electric vehicles (EVs), each with its distinct characteristics and advantages. These include:

  • BEVs: Battery-electric vehicles (pure electric)
  • PHEVs: Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (electric and internal combustion engine (ICE) combined)
  • MHEVs: Mild hybrid electric vehicles (internal combustion engine (gasoline or diesel) along with regenerative braking)
  • FCEVs: Fuel cell electric vehicle (electric with hydrogen as fuel)

The above “types” are powered either entirely or partially by electric energy and have different environmental impacts.


Battery-Electric Vehicles (BEVs)


Battery-electric vehicles (BEVs), also known as pure electric vehicles, are powered entirely by electricity (i.e. the vehicle does not have a conventional internal combustion engine). BEVs have zero-tailpipe emissions and help improve local air quality.

BEVs are also very economical to drive. A BEV can cost as little as Rs 50 per 100 kilometres to drive. Examples of best-selling EVs include, the all-electric Tesla Model 3 and the all-electric Renault Zoe. A BEV is charged by plugging in the electric vehicle to a dedicated electric car charging station (home or public charging stations). BEVs are well suited for those living in towns, cities and urban centres. Of course, battery-electric vehicles are also suitable for those living in rural settings.


Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)


Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) differ from battery-electric vehicles (BEVs), in that, PHEVs use both a conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) and an electric engine for propulsion. Plug-in hybrid vehicles combine the advantages of electric driving and internal combustion engine driving.

On shorter distances, the PHEV uses the electric mode to drive emission-free, using the on-board EV battery and regenerative braking. For longer distances, the plug-in hybrid electric vehicles switches to using the internal combustion engine. With a PHEV, the vehicle can cost as little Rs 50 per 100 kilometres to drive on e-mode, without any tailpipe pollution, and also be driven long-distances, without the fear of range anxiety! Most PHEVs have an EV battery of up to 15 kWh and can achieve a zero-emission electric range of up to 50 kilometres. No wonder PHEVs are fast becoming popular globally, with much potential or India. Like a BEV, the plug-in hybrid electric vehicle is charged by using an external power source (EV charging point) for charging.

PHEVs are suitable for those that drive long-distances on a regular basis but want to lower the negative environmental impact from tailpipe pollution. PHEVs are also suitable for those individuals and families that are seeking to save money by taking advantage of electric driving. The Volvo XC40 PHEV and the Volkswagen Golf 8 are good examples of PHEVs.


Mild Hybrid Electric Vehicles (MHEVs)


Mild hybrid electric vehicles (MHEVs) are a limited form of electric driving. These vehicles also use hybrid technologies (electric driving and internal combustion engine), but the EV battery is much smaller than a BEV or PHEV. Moreover, in a mild hybrid, the EV battery cannot be charged via an external source (i.e. EV charging station). In a MHEV, the battery is charged by capturing the energy released during braking, a process known as regenerative braking. MHEVs have lower tailpipe emissions, and are more economical to own, run and maintain than petrol and diesel cars. MHEVs are a better option than a petrol or diesel car, but not as good an option as a BEV or PHEV. Mild hybrids are well suited for those living in regions with limited charging infrastructure. Again, MHEVs have great potential in India, given the limited public EV charging infrastructure.

The Toyota Prius is a good example of a mild hybrid electric vehicle.


Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs)


Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs) also called hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, have a fuel cell stack that uses hydrogen to generate the electricity needed to power the electric vehicle. The fuel cell generates electricity and pure water vapour that can escape via the tailpipe. It is capable of generating electricity as long as there is a steady supply of hydrogen. Fuel cell electric vehicles can be refuelled with hydrogen at purpose built filling stations. Filling an FEC takes no more than five minutes.

FCEVs have a range of about 500 kilometers or more between refueling. Today, the only and major limitation is the very limited hydrogen refuelling station network globally. The Toyota Mirai FCEV is a good example of this type of EV.


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Author

Ashvin Suri

Ashvin has been involved with the renewables, energy efficiency and infrastructure sectors since 2006. He is passionate about the transition to a low-carbon economy and electric transportation. Ashvin commenced his career in 1994, working with US investment banks in New York. Post his MBA from the London Business School (1996-1998), he continued to work in investment banking at Flemings (London) and JPMorgan (London). His roles included corporate finance advisory, M&A and capital raising. He has been involved across diverse industry sectors, to include engineering, aerospace, oil & gas, airports and automotive across Asia and Europe. In 2010, he co-founded a solar development platform, for large scale ground and roof solar projects to include the UK, Italy, Germany and France. He has also advised on various renewable energy (wind and solar) utility scale projects working with global institutional investors and independent power producers (IPP’s) in the renewable energy sector. He has also advised in key international markets like India, to include advising the TVS Group, a multi-billion dollar industrial and automotive group in India. Ashvin has also advised Indian Energy, an IPP backed by Guggenheim (a US$ 165 billion fund). He has also advised AMIH, a US$ 2 billion, Singapore based group. Ashvin has also worked in the real estate and infrastructure sector, to including working with the Matrix Group (a US$ 4 billion property group in the UK) to launch one of the first few institutional real estate funds for the Indian real estate market. The fund was successfully launched with significant institutional support from the UK/ European markets. He has also advised on water infrastructure, to include advising a Swedish clean technology company in the water sector. He is also a member of the Forbury Investment Network advisory committee. He has also been involved with a number of early stage ventures.

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