The All-Electric BYD SEAL Saloon: The Complete Guide For India

Price: N/A
Type of electric vehicle: Battery-Electric Vehicle (BEV)
Body type: Saloon
Battery size: 82.56 kWh
Electric range (WLTP): 520 - 570 km
Tailpipe emissions: 0g (CO2/km)

Electric Cars: The Basics

For those of you new to zero-emission electric driving, we recommend a read of the following articles:

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The All-Electric BYD SEAL Saloon

BYD, an acronym for “Build Your Dreams’, is a publicly listed Chinese multinational company that manufacturers passenger cars, buses, trucks, forklifts, electric bikes and automotive components, to include, EV batteries.

In relation to electric vehicles (EVs), BYD is the fourth largest EV manufacturer in the world, to include, BEVs (battery-electric vehicles) and PHEVs (plug-in hybrid electric vehicles). It is also the third largest manufacturer of EV batteries in the world. In fact, the company has more than 28 years experience in battery research & development. The multinational conglomerate is headquartered in Xi’an (Shaanxi Province, China). BYD currently has the following EVs in its portfolio:

BYD continues to push forward with its aspirations for European electric driving market. The introduction of the all-electric SEAL saloon is the third BYD battery-electric vehicle (BEV) for the European market.

Despite the significant experience and balance sheet of the Chinese automotive manufacturer, gaining market share from incumbent OEMs is not going to be a walk in the park! And not to mention the stiff competition from other Chinese/ Asian EV manufacturers also vying for a piece of attractive European EV market.

Though pure electric saloon cars are not as popular as pure electric SUVs, the all-electric saloon segment is gaining momentum, in particular, in the mid-priced and premium segments. BYD is keen to position itself as a premium electric car, but clearly, not as premium as the likes of the all-electric BMW i4, all-electric BMW i5, the BMW i7 or the Mercedes EQE. However, the SEAL is BYDs most premium EV to-date.

The BYD SEAL (D-segment) primary competition is from the best-selling Tesla Model 3 and the all-electric Hyundai IONIQ 6. Though the Genesis G80 can also be included in the above list, given the lack of brand awareness and relatively recent entry into the European market, the Chinese Genesis G80 offers limited competition. The million-dollar question is wether the ‘value proposition’ on offer for the BYD SEAL is compelling enough to attract core Tesla 3 or IONIQ 6 buyers. The jury is still out and will be for sometime!

As is the case with the all-electric BYD Atto 3 and the all-electric BYD Dolphin, the BYD SEAL incorporates a Lithium Iron-Phosphate (LFP) Blade EV battery (82.56 kWh). The cobalt-free EV battery uses Lithium Iron-Phosphate (LFP). Most EVs currently available in the market use the more conventional lithium-ion batteries.

The pure electric BYD SEAL is developed on the BYD e-Platform 3.0, an EV dedicated platform also used for the Atto 3 and Dolphin. The company claims that the platform enables an electric range exceeding 1,000 km via the world’s first 8-in-1 electric powertrain. The platform also uses blade batteries, which it claims is ‘one of the world’s safest batteries’. According to the company, the Blade Battery has surpassed the Nail Penetration Test.

BYD claims the SEAL can achieve a zero-tailpipe emission electric range up to 570 km (WLTP) for the rear-wheel drive (RWD) variant. For the all-wheel drive (AWD) SEAL, the company claims up 520 km on a full charge. By way of comparison, the pure electric IONIQ 6 has a claimed range up to 614 km and has a similar sized onboard EV battery (77 kWh). The Model 3 has a range up to 629 km.

As always, the claimed range has to be adjusted for real-world driving conditions. For the entry-level RWD SEAL electric, expect a real-world e-range closer to 480 km. For the AWD an e-range up to 440 km is more realistic. Certainly sufficient for most driving needs! A heat pump is offered as standard on all variants.

It is not clear why BYD continues to persist in limiting the DC charging to 150 kW DC for its electric cars. Given the continued improvement in rapid and ultra-rapid public EV charging infrastructure, it would make a lot more sense to offer a higher DC charging capability. By way of example, the pure electric Genesis G80 EV offers 350 kW DC charging as standard. The SEAL e-saloon can be DC charged up to 80% in 26 minutes at 150 kW DC.

A saving grace for the SEAL is that the EV incorporates a 11 kW (three-phase) AC onboard charger as standard. Certainly helpful for those EV drivers with access to 3-phase AC EV charging at home, the workplace or public charging stations. However, for countries like India, which primarily powers homes with single-phase power supply, the AC charging will be limited to single-phase (7 kW).

The electric saloon is available as both a rear-wheel drive (RWD) and an all-wheel drive (AWD). The AWD can deliver 0-100 km/h in 3.8 seconds (maximum power: 531 PS (390 kW)/ Torque: 670 Nm). The top speed of the EV is 180 km/h. The RWD variant achieves 0-100 km/h in 5.9 seconds. The EV has four driving modes: ECO, Normal, Sport and Snow. The ECO mode prioritises energy efficiency and extends the driving range.

The SEAL e-saloon incorporates the advanced Cell-to-Body (CTB) technology. According to the company, with CTB, the “the battery is integrated within the body floor, creating a sandwich-like structure that incorporates the Blade Battery and the tray.”

This approach increased the structural integrity and safety of the EV and also improves the aerodynamics of the vehicle. The EV has a been awarded a five-star Euro NCAP safety rating. All variants offer as standard a host of safety features, to include: forward collision warning, automatic emergency braking, rear collision warning, rear cross traffic alert, rear cross traffic brake, lane keep assistance, lane change assist and emergency lane keep.

Other driver aids include: blind spot detection system, ESP, traction control, hill decent control, automatic vehicle hold, intelligent speed limit information and intelligent speed limit control. The interior of the cabin is both premium in feel and practical in use.

The CTB technology also helps increase cabin space due to reduced battery pack volume. There is ample headroom and legroom for passengers seated in the rear. The EV offers up to 402 L boot space and also has a frunk (53L). Also as standard is a panoramic sunroof.

Unlike the ‘minimalist’ approach to interior space adopted by automotive manufacturers like Tesla, Volvo, Polestar, Honda and others, BYD has a ‘busier’ internal styling. Some like it that way! Also included is a 15.6″ rotatable touchscreen and a 10.25″ drivers information display.

The EV incorporates vehicle-to-load (V2L). Using the onboard bidirectional charger, V2L can be used to charge (3kW) certain electric appliances, like a laptop, smartphone etc. It can also be used to charge another EV.

In terms of exterior styling, without an iota of doubt, the EV is attractive and sleek (key to achieving the low Drag Coefficient). The BEV has a 0.21 Cd Drag Coefficient, the same as the all-electric Hyundai IONIQ 6 (0.21 Cd Drag Coefficient). The lower the aerodynamic coefficient, the higher the efficiency of the vehicle.

BYD continues to follow its ‘marine/ ocean-inspired design approach’. BYD has also listened to the feedback from European customers and has dropped the ‘Build Your Dreams’ slogan at the rear of the car. A good move indeed! However, it seems that BYD is still keen to stamp its mark on the rear. So in a rather unique approach the rear of the AWD variant sports a ‘3.8S’ badge, which is for its acceleration 0-100 km/h: 3.8s.

Bottom-line, electric driving is good for the environment and the wallet!

Attractive exterior stylingDC charging limited to 150 kW DC
Decent electric range. 11 kW AC onboard charger and heat pump as standardExpensive, given BYD limited brand awareness
Available as a rear-wheel drive (RWD) and all-wheel drive (AWD)Stiff competition from Tesla, Hyundai and others


The All-Electric BYD SEAL Saloon (credit: BYD)

At A Glance
EV Type:Battery-Electric Vehicle (BEV)
Vehicle Type:Saloon
Available In India:Yes

Trims (1 Option)
BYD SEAL (from ₹ N/A)

EV Battery & Emissions
EV Battery Type:Lithium Iron-Phosphate (LFP)
EV Battery Capacity:Available in one battery size: 82.56 kWh
Charging:150 kW DC rapid charging (30%-80%: 26 mins). Onboard charger 11 kW AC (0%-100% : N/A)
Charge Port:Type 2
EV Cable Type:Type 2
Tailpipe Emissions:0g (CO2/km)
EV Battery Warranty:8 years or 200,000 km

Charging Times (Overview)
Slow charging AC (3 kW – 3.6 kW):6 – 12 hours (dependent on size of EV battery & SOC)
Fast charging AC (7 kW – 22 kW):3 – 8 hours (dependent on size of EV battery & SoC)
Rapid charging AC (43 kW):0-80%: 20 mins to 60 mins (dependent on size of EV battery & SoC)
Rapid charging DC (50 kW+):0-80%: 20 mins to 60 mins (dependent on size of EV battery & SoC)
Ultra rapid charging DC (150 kW+):0-80% : 20 mins to 40 mins (dependent on size of EV battery & SoC)
Tesla Supercharger (120 kW – 250 kW):0-80%: up to 25 mins (dependent on size of EV battery & SoC)
  • Note 1: SoC: state of charge

Height (mm):1460
Width (mm):1875
Length (mm):4800
Wheelbase (mm):2920
Turning Circle (m):11.4
Boot Space (L):402

EV Battery Capacity:82.56 kWh
Pure Electric Range (WLTP):570 km
Electric Energy Consumption (kWh/100km):14.5
Charging:150 kW DC rapid charging (30%-80%: 26 mins). Onboard charger 11 kW AC (0%-100% : N/A)
Top Speed:180 km/h
0-100 km/h:5.9 seconds
Drive:Rear-wheel drive (RWD)
Max Power (PS):308 (230 kW)
Torque (Nm):360
Kerb Weight (kg):2,185
NCAP Safety Rating:Five-Star

EV Battery Capacity:82.56 kWh
Pure Electric Range (WLTP):520 km
Electric Energy Consumption (kWh/100km):15.9
Charging:150 kW DC rapid charging (30%-80%: 26 mins). Onboard charger 11 kW AC (0%-100% : N/A)
Top Speed:180 km/h
0-100 km/h:3.8 seconds
Drive:All-wheel drive (AWD)
Max Power (PS):531 (390 kW)
Torque (Nm):670
Kerb Weight (kg):2,185
NCAP Safety Rating:Five-Star

Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G): An Introduction

V2G is an innovative bidirectional technology that allows the onboard EV battery to be charged and discharged i.e. electrical energy to be exported/ discharged from the onboard EV battery to the grid via a V2G compatible EV charger. It also allows for vital informational flow (data) to the grid. In effect, the V2G technology allows an EV battery to be used as a grid-connected energy storage unit.

Benefits: V2G
Lower energy costs:V2G can lower utility costs to include, lowering wholesale and retail energy costs
Improving the grid’s response ability:V2G can improve the stability of the intra-day supply and demand needs, improving the grids ability to meet the needs of peak demand
Improving power quality:V2G can improve power quality by controlling voltage and power factors
Increase resilience:V2G can improve the resilience of the grid and electricity network in significantly adverse conditions
Increase use of renewable energy:V2G enables an increase in the contribution of renewable energy to the national energy generation mix. The higher the contribution of RE, the greener the power supplied
Reduce cost of EV ownership:V2G can reduce the cost of EV ownership by enabling EV owners to earn from exporting energy to the grid
Improves national energy security:V2G can improve the national energy security of a country by reducing dependence on imported energy
Improve environmental impact:V2G can improve the environmental impact of energy usage and transportation by reducing the dependence on fossil fuels

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Ashvin Suri

Ashvin has been involved with the renewables, energy efficiency and infrastructure sectors since 2006. He is passionate about the transition to a low-carbon economy and electric transportation. Ashvin commenced his career in 1994, working with US investment banks in New York. Post his MBA from the London Business School (1996-1998), he continued to work in investment banking at Flemings (London) and JPMorgan (London). His roles included corporate finance advisory, M&A and capital raising. He has been involved across diverse industry sectors, to include engineering, aerospace, oil & gas, airports and automotive across Asia and Europe. In 2010, he co-founded a solar development platform, for large scale ground and roof solar projects to include, the UK, Italy, Germany and France. He has also advised on various renewable energy (wind and solar) utility scale projects working with global institutional investors and independent power producers (IPP’s) in the renewable energy sector. He has also advised in key international markets like India, to include advising large-scale industrial and automotive group in India. Ashvin has also advised Indian Energy, an IPP backed by Guggenheim (a US$ 165 billion fund). He has also advised a US$ 2 billion, Singapore based group. Ashvin has also worked in the real estate and infrastructure sector, to including working with the Matrix Group (a US$ 4 billion property group in the UK) to launch one of the first few institutional real estate funds for the Indian real estate market. The fund was successfully launched with significant institutional support from the UK/ European markets. He has also advised on water infrastructure, to include advising a Swedish clean technology company in the water sector. He has also been involved with a number of early stage ventures.

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